The Sow Thistles are sometimes mistakenly called Milk Thistles from the milky juice they contain; the true Milk Thistle is, however, a very different plant. Sow thistle - Sonchus oleraceus. Sonchus oleraceus in Latin means hollow (sonchus) cooking vegetable (olraceus). Description: An erect annual hairy herb with a milky sap. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. Everything in the sow thistle family is edible, and I'm pretty sure all the dandelion tribe is edible as well, but this post specifically is focusing on the type of sow thistle known scientifically as sonchus oleraceus, or colloquially as common sow thistle. A spicy green whose Greek name, sinapi, sounds like its Latin nomenclature. You can't get more edible than that! Flower heads are about 1 cm long and yellow. 1. in China" in Natural Products Research vol. Edible weeds may be a source of interesting culinary ingredients in the global north ... Guil-Guerrero JL, Giménez-Giménez A, Rodríguez-García I, Torija-Isasa ME. S. oleraceus. There are many species of Sonchus (Sonchus spp.) Asteraceae Sonchus Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia. Scientific name: Sonchus oleraceus Abundance: plentiful What: leaves, stems, roots How: Young leaves in salads, steamed or boiled; stems can be peeled then steamed like asparagus; roots are very bitter and generally considered to be edible in dire circumstances after roasting or boiling; coffee can be made from roasted roots. Sonchus arvensis: The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. 1893-1901 Epitome Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S.asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. Smooth Sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) has been highly regarded as an edible wild food since antiquity. Etymology – The term Sonchus derives from the Greek = soft, spongy, for the characteristic of the fistulous and weak stem. – all are edible and most are indistinguishable in appearance – but the two most commonly used for food and medicine are smooth sowthistle (S. oleraceus) and prickly sowthistle (S. … ( 25 ) • Anti-Ageing Effects on H2O2-Induced Cell Senescence / Leaves: Study hypothesized that S. oleraceus extracts protect cells against H2O2 … Publication Author Facciola. The Latin name of the genus ‘sowthistle’ is Sonchus meaning ‘hollow’. Sonchus oleraceus Linn (SOL), belongs to family of Compositae, is wildly found in moist areas of fields, orchards, or cleared land. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Sonchus asper: basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands (vs. S. oleraceus, with basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse). It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Sonchus oleraceus: flower heads 1.5-2.5 cm wide and plants annual from a taproot (vs. S. arvensis, with flower heads 3-5 cm wide and plants perennial from a deep-seated rhizome). Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Introduction. Oleraceus comes from Latin and means "kitchen vegetable" or "herb used in cooking". White mustard (Sinapis alba). Sows thistle can sometimes be confused with dandelion, does get bitter as it as it gets older. It is also commponly known as vrouves in Greek. Sonchus comes from Greek and means "hollow", a reference to its hollow stem. Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L). The binomial name for sow thistle is Sonchus oleraceus. View Article The species can overlap the winter and summer annual categories. Zohos to the Greeks, sow thistle makes for one of the best salads, especially when mixed with other greens. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). L (SO) is a traditional edible wild herb in China. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. One of the few plants with white sap that are edible. A passage from Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A weedy non–native annual, look for the Sow thistle in disturbed soils such as vacant lots, walkway sides, grassy park edges, and secondary roadsides. The Latin “oleraceus” literally means “having the qualities of a pot-herb”. Sinapi or Vrouves are traditionally boiled for salads. The name of the genus, Sonchus, is derived from the Greek word for hollow, and bears allusion to the hollow nature of the succulent stems, while oleraceus refers to its good taste. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description. Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. 25 (2011) pp. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Sonchus oleraceus showed the best prebiotic effect and was the only plant to stimulate all the probiotics including B. longum. It is also said to have anticancer activity. Sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). 1998;76(4):628–632. ... Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. It was reported that SO contains many bioactive components such as luteolin, apigenin, caftaric acid, chlorogenic acid, chicoric acid and others (Ou et al., 2013). Latin Name: Sonchus spp . Nomination of a target weed for biological control: Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 3 1. This is the profile for the plant - Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow Thistle / Tfiefa komuni. Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. 8 (2020) e11329 D. Z. Xia et al., "Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of six edible wild plants (Sonchus spp.) . The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex (whitish milk) if damaged. Abstract: Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. The edibility of Sonchus species is probably known since antiquity, being already declared by Dioscorides in the first century, who recognized two kinds of sónkhos, one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible, probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus, respectively. Sonchus means “hollow” and oleraceus means “edible” or “cultivated.” Often plants with white sap are not edible, but for sow thistle the entire plant is edible and nutritious containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. This is one of the few plants that contain white sap that are considered edible including Sow Thistle (Sonchus), Figs, and Wild Lettuce. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes.Most of the species are annual herbs, but a few are perennial and a few are even woody. It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Seon-Hee Kim et al., "Development and characterization of 17 microsatellite markers for Sonchus oleraceus" in Applications in Plant Sciences vol. It is 40 to 60 cm high, bluish-green, the leaves are alternate, do not have stalks and half clasp the stem. The total phenolic and flavonoid, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of six Sonchus wild vegetables (Sonchus oleraceus L., Sonchus arvensis L., Sonchus asper (L.) Hill., Sonchus uliginosus M.B., Sonchus brachyotus DC. and Sonchus lingianus Shih) in China were investigated. The epithet sepcific oleraceus is of Latin origin and consists of the root oler = vegetable and the adjective sufix for names aceus = similar to, that is, similar to vegetable vegetables. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. Keep that in mind when checking out a plant…if it contains white sap, and isn’t one of the plants I just mentioned, then you’ve probably misidentified it. 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