In foods, young stinging nettle leaves are eaten as a cooked vegetable. I felt good after a day and pain of arthritis is gone! However, when cut down and dried, that vicious sting is lost, and the plant be consumed by both human and horse. Historically Nettles have been used to help support a healthy blood supply and circulation. Artichoke leaves enhance the horses body cell regeneration as well as liver and kidney function. The stems, petioles, and central leaf vein, and occasionally the leaf margins, have sharp and painful prickles. Leaves alternate (1 per node), elliptic in outline but shallowly to deeply lobed with 2 to 5 rounded or sharp-pointed lobes on each side, finely hairy on both surfaces with star-shaped hairs plus several, long, hard spines, at least on the underside along the midrib and main veins. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy. The leaves on the Horsenettle alternate one another and have 2 to 5 shallow to deep lobed or sharp-points on each side of the leaf. Description Top of page S. carolinense is a perennial broadleaf weed that is 30 to 120 cm tall, erect and loosely branched. The Tropical Soda Apple has larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby. Horse nettle. Reply. Medicinal use of Horse Nettle: The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic. Nettles, also called common nettle, stinging nettle, nettle leaf and urtica dioica, are a part of the Urticaceae family and are a herbaceous perennial, flowering plant. You can identify the common flower bug by its tiny oval body, reflective wings and orange-brown legs. Horsenettle – Identification. It also increases the gastric mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract mucus […] Bentonite Clay 1kg £ 12.95. The leaves are usually shallowly lobed and up to about 5 inches long. The white horsenettle is one of several dozen species of so-called "stinging nettles"; the plants themselves have thin, hair-like thorns along their leaves and stalks. What Horsenettle Looks Like. Charlie and Amber are no spring chickens, in terms of years, and they may also benefit from this effect to help keep them as mobile as they are. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. Although most specimens of this species are less than 2 feet tall, some grow to 3 feet. Regulation. Horse Nettle, Carolina horsenettle: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-7: Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are potentially poisonous[222]. They have been recommended in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other convulsive disorders. Horse Nettles, photo by Illinois Wildflowers. Horses don’t usually eat stinging nettle, but if they lie down or roll on the plant, glassy hairs from the plant’s leaves and stems cause a skin reaction characterized by wheals or hives and an intensely painful stinging sensation that may last 24 hours or more. It is also called treadsalve. toxic than leaves, which are more toxic than stems and roots. The plant has an extensive root system with taproots and creeping, horizontal roots. Canada Thistle is a pesky weed for Ohio farmers. Though there are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called "the horsenettle". The leaves are the same with the stinging nettle, only that they don’t have the thing that stung. The relative toxicity of individual leaves is low—horses must consume hundreds of pounds to experience ill effects. Flowers and Fruit. The upper leaf surfaces are deep green, while the lower surfaces are lighter green. Ball nettle. What does horse nettle look like? Horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, as it contains highly toxic alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine. Horse owners need to be aware that red maple leaves are rated as highly toxic to horses, ingestion of as little as 3 pounds can be a lethal dose. Canadian Fleabane . Kiltz (1930) showed that vertical taproots would grow to depths of 2.4 m and that horizontal roots were found in the upper 45 cm of soil. drooping flowers grow in a raceme. Weed Seed: Solanum carolinense (Horse nettle) Family. Horses generally won't eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat. The leaves are best dried and stored for later use to help flavour meals (flavour is similar to tarragon). Origin: Southeastern North America. Management in Pastures and Hay Fields As is the case with most other weeds, prevention is an important component of an overall management plan. 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